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Reporting And Data

Mistreatment, Neglect, Abuse, Injuries of Residents

Latest Update: September 25, 2020
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Reporting Information

A Long Term Care (LTC) facility shall ensure that all crimes or alleged violations involving abuse, neglect, exploitation or mistreatment, including injuries of unknown source and misappropriation of resident property, are reported immediately, but not later than 2 hours after the allegation is made, if the events that cause the allegation involve abuse or result in serious bodily injury, or not later than 24 hours if the events that cause the allegation do not involve abuse and do not result in serious bodily injury, to the administrator of the facility and to other officials (including to the State Survey Agency and adult protective services where state law provides for jurisdiction in long-term care facilities). Additionally, these violations or alleged violations must be investigated and the results of the investigation must be reported to the Bureau within 5 days.

Responsible Party

Who Must Report?

The term “covered individual” means each individual who is an owner, operator, employee, manager, agent, or contractor of a long-term care facility. (42 U.S.C. 1320b–25)

Deadlines

When Do I Report?

Each covered individual shall report immediately, but not later than 2 hours after forming the suspicion, if the events that cause the suspicion result in serious bodily injury,

or

not later than 24 hours if the events that cause the suspicion do not result in serious bodily injury

and

the results of any investigation must be reported within 5 working days after the alleged violation is reported.

Method

How Do I Report?

The facility self-report form is to be completed and faxed to (702) 486-6520.

Contact Information

If you have any questions, contact the Bureau of Health Care Quality and Compliance at:

  • Carson City office: (775) 684-1030
  • Las Vegas office: (702) 486-6515

Authority

The legal mandate requiring reporting

42 CFR §483.12   Freedom from abuse, neglect, and exploitation.

The resident has the right to be free from abuse, neglect, misappropriation of resident property, and exploitation as defined in this subpart. This includes but is not limited to freedom from corporal punishment, involuntary seclusion and any physical or chemical restraint not required to treat the resident's medical symptoms.

(a) The facility must—

(1) Not use verbal, mental, sexual, or physical abuse, corporal punishment, or involuntary seclusion;

(2) Ensure that the resident is free from physical or chemical restraints imposed for purposes of discipline or convenience and that are not required to treat the resident's medical symptoms. When the use of restraints is indicated, the facility must use the least restrictive alternative for the least amount of time and document ongoing re-evaluation of the need for restraints.

(3) Not employ or otherwise engage individuals who—

(i) Have been found guilty of abuse, neglect, exploitation, misappropriation of property, or mistreatment by a court of law;

(ii) Have had a finding entered into the State nurse aide registry concerning abuse, neglect, exploitation, mistreatment of residents or misappropriation of their property; or

(iii) Have a disciplinary action in effect against his or her professional license by a state licensure body as a result of a finding of abuse, neglect, exploitation, mistreatment of residents or misappropriation of resident property.

(4) Report to the State nurse aide registry or licensing authorities any knowledge it has of actions by a court of law against an employee, which would indicate unfitness for service as a nurse aide or other facility staff.

(b) The facility must develop and implement written policies and procedures that:

(1) Prohibit and prevent abuse, neglect, and exploitation of residents and misappropriation of resident property,

(2) Establish policies and procedures to investigate any such allegations, and

(3) Include training as required at paragraph §483.95.

(4) Establish coordination with the QAPI program required under §483.75.

(5) Ensure reporting of crimes occurring in federally-funded long-term care facilities in accordance with section 1150B of the Act. The policies and procedures must include but are not limited to the following elements.

(i) Annually notifying covered individuals, as defined at section 1150B(a)(3) of the Act, of that individual's obligation to comply with the following reporting requirements.

(A) Each covered individual shall report to the State Agency and one or more law enforcement entities for the political subdivision in which the facility is located any reasonable suspicion of a crime against any individual who is a resident of, or is receiving care from, the facility.

(B) Each covered individual shall report immediately, but not later than 2 hours after forming the suspicion, if the events that cause the suspicion result in serious bodily injury, or not later than 24 hours if the events that cause the suspicion do not result in serious bodily injury.

(ii) Posting a conspicuous notice of employee rights, as defined at section 1150B(d)(3) of the Act.

(iii) Prohibiting and preventing retaliation, as defined at section 1150B(d)(1) and (2) of the Act.

(c) In response to allegations of abuse, neglect, exploitation, or mistreatment, the facility must:

(1) Ensure that all alleged violations involving abuse, neglect, exploitation or mistreatment, including injuries of unknown source and misappropriation of resident property, are reported immediately, but not later than 2 hours after the allegation is made, if the events that cause the allegation involve abuse or result in serious bodily injury, or not later than 24 hours if the events that cause the allegation do not involve abuse and do not result in serious bodily injury, to the administrator of the facility and to other officials (including to the State Survey Agency and adult protective services where state law provides for jurisdiction in long-term care facilities) in accordance with State law through established procedures.

(2) Have evidence that all alleged violations are thoroughly investigated.

(3) Prevent further potential abuse, neglect, exploitation, or mistreatment while the investigation is in progress.

(4) Report the results of all investigations to the administrator or his or her designated representative and to other officials in accordance with State law, including to the State Survey Agency, within 5 working days of the incident, and if the alleged violation is verified appropriate corrective action must be taken.

[81 FR 68855, Oct. 4, 2016]

 NAC 449.74491  Prohibition of certain practices regarding patients; investigation of certain violations and injuries to patients; unfit employees.

     1.  A facility for skilled nursing shall adopt and carry out written policies and procedures that prohibit:

     (a) The mistreatment and neglect of the patients in the facility;

     (b) The verbal, sexual, physical and mental abuse of the patients in the facility;

     (c) Corporal punishment and involuntary seclusion; and

     (d) The misappropriation of the property of the patients in the facility.

     2.  A facility for skilled nursing shall adopt procedures which ensure that all alleged violations of the policies adopted pursuant to subsection 1 and injuries to patients of unknown origin are reported immediately to the administrator of the facility, to the Bureau and to other officials in accordance with state law, and are thoroughly investigated. The procedures must ensure that further violations are prevented while the investigation is being conducted.

     3.  The results of any investigation must be reported:

     (a) To the administrator of the facility or his or her designated representative and to the Bureau within 5 working days after the alleged violation is reported.

     (b) In the manner prescribed in NRS 200.5093 and 432B.220 and chapter 433 of NRS.

The administrator of the facility shall take appropriate action to correct any violation.

     4.  A facility for skilled nursing:

     (a) Shall not employ a person if:

          (1) The person has been convicted of abusing, neglecting or mistreating a patient; or

          (2) A finding that he or she has abused, neglected, mistreated or misappropriated the property of a patient has been entered in the state nursing assistants registry maintained by the State Board of Nursing.

     (b) Shall report to the State Board of Nursing, the Bureau or another appropriate occupational licensing board any judicial action taken against an employee or former employee of the facility which would indicate that the employee is unfit to be employed as a member of the staff of a facility for skilled nursing.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R051-99, eff. 9-27-99)

Current Documents

Documents related to this reporting
DISCLAIMER
Although many of these requirements apply to individual medical professionals and other types of hospitals and health care facilities, the information is presented solely to support Critical Access Hospitals. The reporting requirements and legal mandates on this site are not an exhaustive list and Nevada Rural Hospital Partners, Inc. bears no responsibility or liability for any hospitals' or providers' failure to comply with Federal or State laws or regulations.